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Hormones & the Endocrine System

Endocrinology is the study of conditions related to hormones. Hormone-secreting glands and certain organs in the body make up the endocrine system.

The endocrine system uses these hormones to control and coordinate the body’s internal metabolism (or homeostasis) energy level; reproduction; growth and development; and response to injury, stress and environmental factors.

Once a hormone – or a chemical messenger - is released into the bloodstream, it travels throughout the body until it reaches a specific destination, or target, tells a part of the body what work to do, when to do it and for how long.

The body's endocrine system includes the pancreas, the thyroid, parathyroid, pineal, hypothalamus, adrenal and pituitary glands, and the ovaries and testes. It also involves many other organs that respond to, modify or metabolize hormones. Endocrine glands do not include sweat glands or lymph glands.

Source: American Association of Clinical Endocrinology (AACE)

There is a balancing act needed for hormones to function properly. If a hormonal imbalance occurs (too much or too little of one hormone), the body’s systems will not work properly. Often, the body can self-correct these imbalances and restore proper balance.

Your primary care provider (PCP) can diagnose and manage many endocrine conditions. When there is a chronic, complex imbalance, across several different systems of the body, your primary care provider can refer you to an endocrinologist for long-term support.

Referral Process

Endocrinology Associates of BCH – Superior requires referrals from a primary care provider. Referrals are reviewed for appropriateness prior to scheduling.

BCH endocrinologists:
Lindsey Rentschler, MD
Farrah Anwar, MD

Referrals are accepted for the following conditions:

Type 1 & 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, hyper- and hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, hypercalcemia, hyperparathyroidism, osteoporosis, elevated cortisol levels, elevated DHEA level, adrenal insufficiency/Addison's disease, adrenal nodules/cancer, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, pituitary adenomas, hyperprolactinemia, hypogonadism (male and female), menopause hormone replacement therapy, transgender hormone therapy, weight loss, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and polycystic ovarian syndrome.

In her BCH lecture “Preventing and Treating Osteoporosis,” board-certified internal medicine and endocrinologist Farrah Anwar, MD, described how osteoporosis is diagnosed, the causes of osteoporosis, and preventative treatments that can help maintain and increase our bone density. Osteoporosis is responsible for an estimated two million broken bones each year.

These conditions are NOT treated by our endocrinologists:

Pre-diabetes, adrenal fatigue, fatigue, hair loss, lightheadedness/POTS, hyperhidrosis/sweating/body odor, hypoglycemia, kidney stones, migraines or insomnia.

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